Conflict (with) Journalism

In a previous blogpost , I wrote about how we have moved from being audiences to being actual participants in consuming media and thus, creating a shift in the journalism paradigm. This shift claims that citizens now could also be considered journalists and obviously some professional journalists are not very happy about that claim.

But let’s look at some of the reasons, this shift in paradigm is becoming more apparent and more favourable within the public.

  • citizen journalism has an open access platform (much like when I blogged about Apple vs Android )
  • There is user-led content creation
  • the significant lack of gatekeepers

Take a listen to this podcast, where I explain those points in better detail.

The general systems in which citizen journalism operates in opens up a whole new way we access information and that is something current journalist instead of combating, should learn to work together with.


All things are Remixes (including this title)

Normally, when said the word remix , the thing that pops into people’s minds are remixed songs and music. However, a remix can also be defined as “to combine or edit existing materials to produce something new” , which means to say that almost every creative output can be considered a remix.

Think of all the movies about to be released, are large percentage of them are either sequels, remakes or based of books/comics/video games. If we go by that second definition all of these movies are considered remixes too. Think of how you recognise certain lyrics, rhythms or beats in the latest songs. Think of all the memes.


Kirby Ferguson says that “creation needs influences, which is why everything is a remix.” (P.S. I highly recommended watching the video linked in above quote).

If you think about it, all Digital Artefacts are remixes too. Mine certainly is. The concept of using emoji’s as the main form of communication has been seen on many platforms including  BuzzFeed.

So, next time you think of creating something, maybe also think about what you’re remixing.

Transmedia:Where Everything is Everywhere

So what is Transmedia? Well according to Professor Henry Jenkins “Transmedia storytelling represents a process where integral elements of a fiction get dispersed systematically across multiple delivery channels for the purpose of creating a unified and coordinated entertainment experience” To deconstruct those words; it is when one “story/universe” tells stories in different platforms but it all links back to that initial story or universe.

To put things into perspective, I created this little prezi to explore Harry Potter and the transmedia narrative it uses. (Click this link or image below)

Screen Shot 2016-05-09 at 8.15.20 PM

If you notice, what the Harry Potter universe does is that it caters to the needs/wants of the fans, it gives them different ways to keep immersing themselves into the Harry Potter universe in different platforms and each of those platforms generate a different experience but still ties back to the overarching narrative of the Harry Potter universe.

So what we get at is, in this day and age, with the technology we have, the best and most powerful way to market things is to embrace transmedia, because let’s be real, we are that the point where the success of your product’s marketing is held in the palms -smart phones- of the people consuming the product.


Transmedia Storytelling: The Complete Guide 

Scoop: Transmedia & Harry Potter

Digital Art: Where Wrongs Make A Right

In this age of design and technology, it leaves a with a variety of ways to improve art and the idea of crafting. One of the few craft techniques that have come up from this is the concept of glitch art, where a glitch, essentially a bug or ‘mistake’ in the coding of a video or picture is crafted into making it look aesthetically pleasing.

Here is an example of glitch art;


It is amazing how people have used technology to customise their idea of art and design. The amazing thing about this is anyone with access to technology will have a chance to attempting these crafts. Here is a video of me attempting to make my own glitch art, where I simply mess around with the code of the photo on text and add some beyonce lyrics.


Craft & Digital Technology

ArtCraft: Glitch Art

You: Formerly known as the audience


As consumers of media, we can no longer be called audiences, in fact we can no longer be called consumers. The way the digital media and technology has evolved makes us less passive, more active and more involved in everything we are exposed too.

One of the things that has happened due to this advancements is the rise of citizen journalism and blogging.


Citizen journalism has created much controversy with journalists claiming that amateur work cannot be considered journalism due to lack of knowledge and ethics of journalism. However, what critics fail to realise is that this form of journalism works best in an open system, which means that any post that is false or not ethical have a much bigger chance of being called out by the people consuming its content. It’s credibility is determined by the people itself. This change is definitely not getting rid of journalism but changing the way journalism is structured.

(Part 2) 


Press Think

Digital Trends


Annotated Bibliography (BCM112 DA)

Source 1:

How to Record Your iPhone Screen on iOS 8 & 9

This is a how to video that shows audiences how to record the screen of your iPhone using your mac laptop. This video was very useful as most people were not aware of this new feature included in the iOS and OS X updates. This proved to be very helpful in creating my digital artefact as I was unsure of how to record people picking and choosing emojis until I came across this video. I realised as most people used emojis on phones it would be great to be able to record the screen of the phone as people picked out their emoji.

Source 2:

Mac Apps Support: iMovie

This is apple’s support site that shows users how to use all the available functions on iMovie. This site was very useful as I have never done much video editing and it managed to help me learn the basics of using iMovie and figuring out the different effects and tools available for me to create a better video. It was also helpful in terms of identifying the type of video files that was best compatible with the iMovie and had information on what to do if certain files couldn’t be imported onto the application. This was a very good guide for someone who is new to iMovie.

Source 3:

What Does Your Emoji Usage Say About You 

This is an article by the telegraph dealing with how the usage of emoji has become very relevant in our society and how it can differ based on a number of different factors such as age, nationality and gender. This article was very relevant to our digital artefact as it explains that people in today’s society prefer to use emoji’s to communicate, which was what we are trying to do in our digital artefact, get people to communicate with emojis. However, this article also took a look at how having emojis as a language can be quite difficult as people can have different interpretations of an emoji, which is definitely something to consider when you are doing interviews.

Source 4:

5 Tips For Filming a Vox Pop Video 

This article talks about 5 ways to prepare when you are about to film and interview people on the streets. As this is one of the main elements of my Digital Artefact, this article was very helpful in terms of preparing to do the interviews. While we did not get people to sign release papers we did make it a point to mention the potential interviewees that they would be recorded and the recordings would be posted online. This article also covers the basics steps that need to be taken before street interviews which were very useful as while those things seem to be simple steps it probably wouldn’t have crossed my mind if I hadn’t come across this article. However I feel like this article still didn’t address all my concerns as vox pops are mostly about getting people to speak their opinions, using emojis to answer is very different from this and will not generate similar responses to traditional vox pops.

Source 5:

Can You Solve These Emoji Puzzles

This is a video that shows two people text each other emojis and the other is suppose to guess what song or movie or tv show the emojis represent. This was a good example of how to use emojis in creative ways and gave me ideas that I could potentially use for my digital artefact. What was interesting about this was not just the video but also the comments for this video. Different people came to different conclusions about the what the emojis were suppose to signify and some people initially didn’t see how a string of emojis was suppose to represent what it did. I thought this video was a good look into the emoji culture we currently have and how we could potentially use that culture to create an interesting digital artefact. It was also good for noting how people react to certain emojis.

Source 6:

The Gun Emoji Just Landed a Guy in Jail

This article talks about how the law enforcement is dealing with people’s usage of emojis and how some emojis can be viewed as threatening. This is interesting because it shows that the usage of emojis have become relevant enough that the law has taken into consideration the usage of emojis as a threat. However, this article also talks about how popular culture uses emojis such as the knife emoji and gun emoji as a slang as opposed to it being used in a threatening manner so context is very important. Given that a majority of our interviewees will be university students, this article brings to attention how these demographic might go about using certain emojis. This also makes it clear to me that emojis just like words need to be contextualise as despite using the same emoji, it could mean something completely different in a different context.

Source 7:

Why and How I Created Emoji

This piece is a short written interview with Shigetaka Kurita who is the creator of emojis. This was very helpful in understanding the thought process when it came to the creation of emojis. One of the main points of the article was that emojis was an extension of how people could convey their emotions through text. This is a good argument to make as it is something that can be seen in our digital artefact when people answer questions with emojis, the outcome might be something that would be different if they were to answer that question using words instead. I feel like the ability for people to express themselves is different when using emojis and words and I would like to see to what ability people can express opinions when they’re given the choice of using just emojis.

Source 8:

Uptown Funk – Emoji Lyrics

This video shows the lyrics in Bruno Mars’ song Uptown Funk completely in emojis only. This shows that people were capable of expressing words in emojis and that there is great entertainment value in that given the significant amount of views that this video got. It was clear that people liked seeing the usage of emojis in trying to portray something, which connects to what our digital artefact aims to do. Videos like this show just how well the usage of emojis can be maximised to it’s full potential by having it represent complete sentences or phrases and I hope to be able to capture that in my digital artefact.

Source 9:

Emoji love: The science behind emoticons

This article talks about the science behind why people like using emojis in their written conversations and concludes that it’s because it makes them feel better and more satisfied. I agree with this statement as people seem to use emojis in all forms of written communication now wether it is email or text messages or tweets. The article claims that people feel happier about using emojis and I think this is great for my digital artefact idea as it might make people more willing to participate in an interview that only requires them to answer using emojis.

Source 10:

Emoji – A New Universal Language

This article is on how emojis have become a globalised language especially with the addition of emojis of different skin tones, the word of the year being an emoji and search engines have started to accept emoji queries. This article portrays emojis as something new and contemporary that has many possibilities surrounding it and it was a good insight to what we could potentially do with our digital artefact. I think this article is good in expressing that emojis are a universal concept which means that a digital artefact using emojis might be able to cater to a larger audience.

Digital Artefact links:

YouTube Channel





Who owns you?

Waking up in the morning, you check your twitter/facebook feed, going out of the house you come across fliers, billboards, posters, you get in the car, the radio playing ads, commentary on various issues, reports on current news. You watch tv, read magazines, read online articles. The media is everywhere in your life and that means whoever owns a majority of mainstream media, owns you. How you think, how you react to certain situations, how your perceptions on things are.

A large misconception by most people is that we have so many varieties of media stations, tv channels and newspapers, there’s no way of a monopoly right? Wrong! Almost everywhere there’s a concentration of media ownership, that most companies despite seeming seperate from each other are actually owned by one parent company. In America, Australia and many other countries, media is owned by only small percentage of people (more often then not by rich, males).

However, I’m going to take a look at somewhere closer to home, Malaysia (because it is my home).

Screen Shot 2016-04-04 at 1.06.01 PM

If you take a look at the structure above, you’ll notice that all of our mainstream media is in one way or another tied to our county’s leading coalition party, that is currently in power. That means the chances of any reporting that is unsatisfactory to uphold the good image of the government is unlikely to be published in the first place. Malaysia also has satellite service known as Astro that allows us to get programs from across the globe, such as BBC, CNN, National Geography and various other channels. The problem here is that Malaysia’s censorship board also has close ties with the government (yes, we have a censorship board but that’s a whole other blogpost worth of analysis). The point I’m trying to get at is even with media from other countries there also seems to be a problem of control over information spread. Take a look at this video which shows the comparison of a BBC report on Malaysia’s ‘Bersih‘ rally, which was a rally to fight against corruption within the government.

As you can see the information gets very skewed in the censored version. That is exactly the point i’m trying to get at. Wether it’s in America or Australia or Malaysia even if the levels of media ownership and concentration are different, it really does distort the information you get as a society, especially when you have one kind of person that is controlling the way information is being presented to society. I would encourage everyone to always be aware of the media you are consuming and be critical of the things you are presented with.


Malaysian Media: Ownership and Control Prezi (Accessed 3 April 2016)

Astro Slide Share (Accessed 4 April 2016)